Métropole Européenne de Lille
The European Metropolis of Lille (MEL) is an intercommunal public authority gathering 85 cities in the North of France. It is the organizing authority of mobility on Lille’s urban area. It is also responsible for Road Management, Public Transports, Waste and Drinking Water System, Urban Planning, Nature and Living environment, Housing, Economic development, European and International Relations, Accessibility for Disability, Crematoriums, Culture, Sport and Tourism.
MEL is responsible for the co-ordination of Transpole, the private sector company that operates a public transport network throughout the Métropole. The network comprises buses and coaches (8 cross-border lines reaching into Belgium including 193 biogas buses), trams (two lines) and a driverless metro system (two lines). The Lille Metro is a VAL system (véhicule automatique léger = light automated vehicle) that opened on May 16, 1983, becoming the first automatic metro network in the world.